Because of a lapse in government funding, the information on this website may not be up to date transactions submitted via the website may not be processed, and the agency may not be able to respond to inquiries until appropriations are enacted.

The NIH Clinical Center (the research hospital of NIH) is open. For more details about its operating status, please visit cc.nih.gov.

Updates regarding government operating status and resumption of normal operations can be found at USA.gov.

Indoor Emissions from the Household Combustion of Coal

  • Resize font
  • Print
  • Email
  • Facebook
  • Twitter
  • Google+
  • Pinterest
Bituminous coal

Burning coal inside the home can release a number of harmful chemicals.

What are indoor emissions from the household combustion of coal?

Burning coal inside the home for the purposes of heating or cooking produces particulate and gas emissions that may contain a number of harmful chemicals, such as benzene, carbon monoxide, formaldehyde, and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons.

How are people exposed to indoor emissions from the household combustion of coal?

People in some parts of the world, particularly in certain regions of China, have been exposed to indoor emissions from coal combustion through the use of unvented stoves and fire pits.

Which cancers are associated with exposure to indoor coal combustion emissions?

Lung cancer is associated with exposure to indoor coal combustion emissions.

How can exposures be reduced?

Installing indoor stoves with chimneys can reduce the level of indoor air pollution.

Selected References:

  • International Agency for Research on Cancer.: Indoor Emissions from Household Combustion of Coal, IARC Monographs on the Evaluation of Carcinogenic Risks to Humans, Volume 100E. Lyon, France: World Health Organization, 2012. Also available online. Last accessed December 12, 2014.
  • Lan Q, Chapman R, Schreinemachers DM, et al. Household stove improvement and risk of lung cancer in Xuanwei, China. Journal of the  National Cancer Institute 2002; 94 (11): 826-835. [PubMed Abstract]