NCI Drug Dictionary
The NCI Drug Dictionary contains technical definitions and synonyms for drugs/agents used to treat patients with cancer or conditions related to cancer. Each drug entry includes links to check for clinical trials listed in NCI's List of Cancer Clinical Trials.
An oligosaccharide anthracycline antineoplastic antibiotic isolated from the bacterium Streptomyces galilaeus. Aclarubicin intercalates into DNA and interacts with topoisomerases I and II, thereby inhibiting DNA replication and repair and RNA and protein synthesis. Aclarubicin is antagonistic to other agents that inhibit topoisomerase II, such as etoposide, teniposide and amsacrine. This agent is less cardiotoxic than doxorubicin and daunorubicin. Check for active clinical trials using this agent. (NCI Thesaurus)
Aclacinomycin A hydrochloride
Foreign brand name: Aclacin
Code name: MA144-A1 Chemical structure:
- [1R-(1alpha,2beta,4beta)]-2-ethyl-1,2,3,4,6,11-hexahydro-2,5,7-trihydroxy-6,11-dioxo-4-[[2,3,6-trideoxy-4-O-[2,6-dideoxy-4-O-[(2R-trans)-tetrahydro-6-methyl-5-oxo-2H-pyran-2-yl]-alpha-L-lyxo-hexopyranosyl]-3-(dimethylamino-alpha-L-lyxo-hexopyranosyl)oxy]-1-naphthacenecarboxylic acid methyl ester
- 1-naphthacenecarboxylic acid, 2-ethyl-1,2,3,4,6,11-hexahydro-2,5, 7-trihydroxy-6,11-dioxo-4-[[2,3,6-trideoxy-4-O-[2,6-dideoxy-4-O-((2R-trans)-tetrahydro-6-methyl-5-oxo-2H-pyran-2-yl) -.alpha.-L-lyxo-hexopyranosyl]-3-(dimethylamino)-.alpha.-L-lyxo-hexopyranosyl]oxy]-, methyl ester,(1R-(1.alpha.,2.beta.,4.beta.))-(9CI)