NCI Drug Dictionary

The NCI Drug Dictionary contains technical definitions and synonyms for drugs/agents used to treat patients with cancer or conditions related to cancer. Each drug entry includes links to check for clinical trials listed in NCI's List of Cancer Clinical Trials.

An oligomeric proanthocyanidin extracted from the latex produced by the tree Croton lechleri (Euphorbiaceae), with antidiarrheal, and potential antiviral and antimicrobial activities. Upon oral administration, crofelemer acts locally within the gastrointestinal (GI) tract by inhibiting both the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) chloride ion (Cl-) channel and the calcium-activated Cl- channel (CaCC) expressed on the luminal surface of enterocytes. This inhibits the secretion of chloride ions into the intestinal lumen and prevents high volume water loss. By normalizing Cl- and water balance in the intestines, crofelemer relieves secretory diarrhea. Check for active clinical trials using this agent. (NCI Thesaurus)

US brand name:Fulyzaq
Code name:SP 303