NCI Drug Dictionary

The NCI Drug Dictionary contains technical definitions and synonyms for drugs/agents used to treat patients with cancer or conditions related to cancer. Each drug entry includes links to check for clinical trials listed in NCI's List of Cancer Clinical Trials.

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suramin sodium
A sodium salt form of suramin, a polysulphonated naphthylurea with potential antineoplastic activity. Suramin blocks the binding of various growth factors, including insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I), epidermal growth factor (EGF), platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF), and tumor growth factor-beta (TGF-beta), to their receptors, thereby inhibiting endothelial cell proliferation and migration. This agent also inhibits vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)- and basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF)-induced angiogenesis; retroviral reverse transcriptase; uncoupling of G-proteins from receptors; topoisomerases; cellular folate transport; and steroidogenesis. Check for active clinical trials using this agent. (NCI Thesaurus)

Synonym:Antrypol
sodium suramin
suramin hexasodium
Foreign brand name:309 F
Belganyl
Fourneau 309
Germanin
Moranyl
Naganin
Naganinum
Naganol
Naphuride
Code name:CI-1003
Chemical structure:8,8'-(carbonylbis(imino-3,1-phenylenecarbonylimino(4-methyl-3,1-phenylene)carbonylimino))bis-1,3,5-naphthalenetrisulfonic Acid hexasodium Salt