Common Cancer Types

This list of common cancer types includes cancers that are diagnosed with the greatest frequency in the United States, excluding nonmelanoma skin cancers:

Cancer incidence and mortality statistics reported by the American Cancer Society1 and other resources were used to create the list. To qualify as a common cancer for the list, the estimated annual incidence for 2018 had to be 40,000 cases or more.

The most common type of cancer on the list is breast cancer, with 268,670 new cases expected in the United States in 2018. The next most common cancers are lung cancer and prostate cancer. 

Because colon and rectal cancers are often referred to as "colorectal cancers," these two cancer types are combined for the list. For 2018, the estimated number of new cases of colon cancer and rectal cancer are 97,220 and 43,030, respectively, adding to a total of 140,250 new cases of colorectal cancer.

The following table gives the estimated numbers of new cases and deaths for each common cancer type:

Cancer Type Estimated New Cases Estimated Deaths
Bladder 81,190 17,240
Breast (Female – Male) 266,120 – 2,550 40,920 – 480
Colon and Rectal (Combined) 140,250 50,630
Endometrial 63,230 11,350
Kidney (Renal Cell and Renal Pelvis) Cancer 65,340 14,970
Leukemia (All Types) 60,300 24,370
Liver and Intrahepatic Bile Duct 42,220 30,200
Lung (Including Bronchus) 234,030 154,050
Melanoma 91,270 9,320
Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma 74,680 19,910
Pancreatic 55,440 44,330
Prostate 164,690 29,430
Thyroid 53,990 2,060


  1.  American Cancer Society: Cancer Facts and Figures 2018. Atlanta, Ga: American Cancer Society, 2018. Also available online. Last accessed February 26, 2018.
  • Updated: February 26, 2018

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