NCI Dictionary of Cancer Terms
The NCI Dictionary of Cancer Terms features 8,360 terms related to cancer and medicine.
We offer a widget that you can add to your website to let users look up cancer-related terms. Get NCI’s Dictionary of Cancer Terms Widget.
- ovarian failure
- listen (oh-VAYR-ee-un FAYL-yer)
- A condition in which the ovaries stop working and menstrual periods stop before age 40. This can cause fertility problems and symptoms of menopause. There are two types of ovarian failure, primary and secondary. Primary ovarian failure means that the ovaries do not function normally. This may be because they have been removed by surgery, or it may be caused by some cancer treatments and certain diseases or genetic conditions. In secondary ovarian failure, the ovaries are normal but there is a problem getting hormone signals to them from the brain. This is usually caused by diseases of the pituitary gland or hypothalamus. Some women with ovarian failure sometimes have menstrual periods and may be able to have children. Also called early menopause, ovarian insufficiency, and premature menopause.