NCI Dictionary of Cancer Terms
The NCI Dictionary of Cancer Terms features 8,020 terms related to cancer and medicine.
- An inherited disorder that causes a build-up of phenylalanine (an amino acid) in the blood. This can cause mental retardation, behavioral and movement problems, seizures, and delayed development. Using a blood test, PKU can easily be found in newborns, and treatment is a diet low in phenylalanine. Also called phenylketonuria.