NCI Dictionary of Cancer Terms

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The NCI Dictionary of Cancer Terms features 8,122 terms related to cancer and medicine.

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fluorouracil
(floor-oh-YOOR-uh-sil)
A drug used to treat cancers of the breast, colon, rectum, stomach, and pancreas. Under the brand names Carac, Tolak, Efudex, and Fluoroplex, it is used as a cream to treat actinic keratosis (a skin condition that may become cancer). It is also used under the brand name Efudex as a cream to treat basal cell skin cancer that is superficial (not invasive) and cannot be removed by surgery. Fluorouracil is being studied in the treatment of other conditions and types of cancer. It stops cells from making DNA and may kill cancer cells. Fluorouracil is a type of antimetabolite. Also called 5-fluorouracil, 5-FU, Carac, Efudex, Fluoroplex, and Tolak.