NCI Dictionary of Cancer Terms

The NCI Dictionary of Cancer Terms features 8,459 terms related to cancer and medicine.

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avelumab
(a-VEL-yoo-mab)
A drug used with axitinib to treat advanced renal cell carcinoma (a type of kidney cancer) that has not already been treated. It is also used to treat urothelial carcinoma (a type of bladder cancer) that is locally advanced or has spread to other parts of the body. It is used in patients whose disease got worse during or after treatment with anticancer drugs that included platinum. Avelumab is also used to treat Merkel cell carcinoma (a rare type of skin cancer) that has spread to other parts of the body. It is also being studied in the treatment of other types of cancer. Avelumab binds to a protein called PD-L1, which is found on some cancer cells. Avelumab may block PD-L1 and help the immune system kill cancer cells. It is a type of monoclonal antibody and a type of immune checkpoint inhibitor. Also called Bavencio.