NCI Dictionary of Cancer Terms

The NCI Dictionary of Cancer Terms features 8,287 terms related to cancer and medicine.

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cytokine release syndrome
(SY-toh-kine reh-LEES SIN-drome)
A condition that may occur after treatment with some types of immunotherapy, such as monoclonal antibodies and CAR-T cells. Cytokine release syndrome is caused by a large, rapid release of cytokines into the blood from immune cells affected by the immunotherapy. Cytokines are immune substances that have many different actions in the body. Signs and symptoms of cytokine release syndrome include fever, nausea, headache, rash, rapid heartbeat, low blood pressure, and trouble breathing. Most patients have a mild reaction, but sometimes, the reaction may be severe or life threatening.