NCI Dictionary of Cancer Terms

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The NCI Dictionary of Cancer Terms features 8,208 terms related to cancer and medicine.

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esophageal cancer
(ee-SAH-fuh-JEE-ul KAN-ser)
Cancer that forms in tissues lining the esophagus (the muscular tube through which food passes from the throat to the stomach). Two types of esophageal cancer are squamous cell carcinoma (cancer that begins in flat cells lining the esophagus) and adenocarcinoma (cancer that begins in cells that make and release mucus and other fluids).