Bypass Budget Requests and NCI Appropriations
NCI receives its budget from the United States Congress as part of the federal budget process for the Department of Health and Human Services and NIH.
The NCI budget for FY 2016 (October 1, 2015 through September 30, 2016) is $5.21 billion, which is slightly above the $4.950 billion budget for FY 2015. The NCI budget has been relatively flat in recent years. During the period from 2005 through 2013, the NCI budget averaged $4.9 billion per year.
|1938 - 2016||$122,338,028,220|
|2016||5,214,701,000||Prior to -$7,217,390 HHS Secretary's transfer, -$1,192,000 transfer to NIH Office of AIDS Research, and $122,000 lapse. Includes $266,422,000 of AIDS funding.|
|2015||4,950,396,000||Prior to -$435,000 lapse. Prior to transfer from NIH Office of AIDS Research of $2,632,000.|
|2014||4,923,238,000||Prior to -$12,359,000 HHS Secretary's transfer. -$965,000 Secretary’s Cybersecurity Transfer (authorized by section 206 of P.L. 113-76). $16,180,552 Transfer from National Children's Study. Transfer from NIH Office of AIDS Research $6,307,000.|
|2013||5,072,183,000||Prior to -$254,589,000 under sequestration (Budget Control Act, 2011, PL 112–25), -28,044,000 HHS Secretary's transfer and $9,714,000 restored from the National Children's Study and National Eye Institute HIV/AIDS funding, and $106,000 lapse. Includes 261,550,471 of AIDS funding.|
|2012||5,072,183,000||Prior to -$1,445,000 HHS Secretary's transfer ,-$3,342,000 HHS Secretary's transfer for Alzheimer's research, and $54,000 lapse. Includes $271,692,000 of AIDS funding.|
|2011||5,058,577,000||Prior to $472,000 lapse. Includes $269,953,000 of AIDS funding.|
|2010||5,103,388,000||Prior to -$760,000 HHS Secretary's transfer ,-$4,459,000 in NIH transfer for activities, and $22,000 lapse. Includes $272,130,000 of AIDS funding.|
|2009||4,968,973,000||Prior to reductions in PL 111-8 (-$2,042,631 NIH transfer for activities, and $4,000 lapse). Includes $265,882,000 of AIDS funding.|
|2008||4,827,556,000||Includes supplemental appropriation of $25,559,000. Includes $258,499,000 of AIDS funding.|
|2007||4,797,639,000||Prior to reductions in PL 110-5 (-$5,015,000 NIH transfer for GEI activities, and $9,000 lapse). Includes $253,866,000 of AIDS funding.|
|2006||4,841,774,000||Prior to reductions in PL 109-149 (-$48,418,000 for Labor/HHS/ED rescission; -$3,293,000 HHS transfer for CMS activities; -$42,834,000 NIH 1% transfer for roadmap activities, and $4,000 lapse). Includes $253,866,000 of AIDS funding.|
|2005||4,865,525,000||Prior to reductions in PL 108-447($38,914,000 .8% across the board reduction; -$1,353,000 for Labor/HHS/ED rescission; -$30,505,000 NIH 1% transfer assessment, and $9,000 lapse). Includes $265,907,000 of AIDS funding.|
|2004||4,770,519,000||Prior to reductions in PL 108-199(-$3,136,000 for Labor/HHS/ED rescission; $28,128,000 for across the board reduction; -$15,357,000 NIH 1% transfer assessment, and $5,000 lapse). Includes $266,975,000 of AIDS funding.|
|2003||4,622,394,000||Prior to reductions in PL 108-7(-$30,046,000 for the enacted rescission and -$2,000 lapse). Includes $263,442,000 of AIDS funding.|
|1938 - 2002||$52,940,982,220|
Professional Judgment (Bypass) Budget Requests
The National Cancer Act of 1971 (P.L. 92-218) gives NCI special authority to submit an annual budget estimate directly to the President. Each year, NCI develops the Professional Judgment Budget, commonly known as the Bypass Budget, which reflects NCI cancer research priorities and identifies areas of potential investment in cancer research. NCI submitted its first Professional Judgment Budget, often referred to as the Bypass Budget, for the FY 1974 request.
The NCI Bypass Budget authority in section 407 of the National Cancer Act states:
The Director of the Institute in carrying out the National Cancer Program [shall] prepare and submit, directly to the President for review and transmittal to Congress, an annual budget estimate (including an estimate of the number and type of personnel needs for the Institute) for the National Cancer Program, after reasonable opportunity for comment (but without change) by the Secretary [of the Department of Health and Human Services], the Director of NIH, and the Institute's advisory council.
The table below shows Budget Request's during the past 10 years. To view previous Budget Requests, dating back to 1974, please download the data.
*The Bypass Budget Request was not released for FY 2014 and FY 2015.
Bypass Budget Compared to NCI Appropriations